每一辑Language Academy 都会聚焦一种语言。
A lot of Hong Kong people love cats and dogs. But some have unusual pets.
● pythons - 巨蟒
● Chameleons 变色龙
● hedgehogs 刺猬
● guinea pig 天竺鼠
● chinchilla 龙猫
● hamsters 仓鼠
● alpacas 羊驼
Pet Adoption 领养
● A lot of people are 三分钟热度 ( three-minute passion - informal translation). They quickly lose interest in something. They can be irresponsible. 不付责任的
● My roommate’s dog was almost eaten by an alligator 鳄鱼.
● You need to be patient 有耐性的 in training your pet, especially when they are puppies or kittens.
● There are a lot of abandoned 被遗弃的 pets at shelters 收容所
● We wanted to adopt a Golden Retriever but this breed is hard to come across 遇到/碰到.
A lot of famous breeds 著名品种 were smuggled走私.
● 2022 SCMP News headline:
Pets were found crammed in 46 crates on and some of them had shown signs of dehydration.
● You can buy pets on TaoBao.
● A lot of breeders 繁殖店 are inhumane 不人道. They keep getting the mothers pregnant and they put the animals in tiny cages with little space.
Endangered Animals 濒危动物
● Sharks, pandas, killer whales, etc.
● SeaWorld (a theme park) scandal 丑闻 - they caught and abused their killer whales. They made them perform in shows. Then they were locked in pools and some hurt themselves or killed their trainers as a result.
● I support sanctuaries 避难所/庇护所 but not zoos and aquariums.
- Sanctuaries do not breed, buy, sell, or trade animals. Sanctuaries like Black Pine Animal Sanctuary do not capture animals from the wild.
- Sanctuaries resemble the animals’ natural habitats more and help them heal.
● At a zoo, I saw a wild cat kept walking back and forth behind the glass. I believe it was a sign of stress 压力 and distress 悲伤/痛苦.
● I saw a lion that was constantly drugged in Thailand so tourists could take pictures with it. It was animal cruelty 残酷；残酷行爲；虐待. It later appeared on the news.
军事演习 Military exercise
反攻 Counter attack
和谈 Peace talks / Peace negotiation
1. Do you know people like that in the office -
○ 刷鞋仔: Apple polisher / yes man
There are also colleagues who just can’t say no.
○ People may take advantage of you if you are too nice.
2. Instead of saying “no”, what can we say? (useful on emails as well)
○ I regret to inform you…（that we cannot accommodate 迁就/容纳 your request）
○ I am afraid I cannot…(offer you a refund on this product)
○ Unfortunately, due to circumstances, we cannot …(deliver the product to you on time)
3. Sometimes, it’s not good to just say ‘no!’ Instead you can give them alternatives:
● I am sorry that hasn’t worked out, what we can do is…(offer you compensation 补偿)
● I can understand your point of view, how about we do this instead.
● You’ve made some valid 有效 points, perhaps we can compromise 妥协 and…….
(The security system has been compromised. 保安系统已被破坏)
● I agree with you, but can we add…(more staff to help out at the event)
4. How to politely chase someone for their work
● Is there any chance that you can get it done sooner?
● Where are you on this project?
● I don’t mean to rush you but the client has been chasing me. 唔洗急最紧要快 (chase - 追赶)
● I would just like to follow up on the progress. (US and UK pronunciation)
5. Different work personality types.
● The Driver; data and results-minded person. Someone who is decisive 决定性，focused and wants to try new things.
● The Integrator; someone who builds relationships and boosts morale 鼓舞士气. Someone who is diplomatic 懂得外交 and empathetic 善解人意.
● The Guardian; someone who maintains structure 保持结构 and order. It is someone who is reserved 含蓄, but they are methodical 有方法的 and detailed oriented 做事细心仔细.
● The Pioneer; a risk-taker 冒险者. These people are often leaders, they are outgoing, they see the bigger picture, and are confident.
Westernized companies might have a better emphasis on work-life balance.
● They would allow flextime 自由工作时间. You can choose your work hours.
○ I think because of Covid and technology, it has changed the way we work and has allowed us, the employees, to spend more time at home.
■ A lot of big companies are downsizing (downsize - (使)减员) their offices.
■ A lot of companies offer a hybrid model 混合模式 of working from home 1-2 days and then at the office for the rest of the week.
● Countries such as the UK, Belgium, and many Scandinavian countries (Denmark, Norway and Sweden, etc.) are implementing 实施 a 4-day work week.
● New World HK has also implemented a 4.5 half-day work week.
Studies show that working longer hours doesn’t make you more productive.
● The ideal number of hours you should work per week is 38-hours according to Denmark, consistently one of the happiest countries in the world. Studies have also shown you should take 6 weeks off per year to obtain optimal 最佳 happiness.
● Studies in Iceland also show that you are 13% more productive when you are happy.
● Americans are not taking half of their vacation days. Studies have shown that ⅔ of Americans even work on their holidays.
● The World Health Organisation said that if you work on average of 55 hours or more each week, you increase the risk of stroke by 35%, and the risk of dying from heart disease by 17%, compared to people who only work on average 35-40 hours per week.