监制:Diana Wan


    Hello and welcome to The Pulse. When Justice Kemal Bokhary retired from the Court of Final Appeal in 2012, he warned of a “storm of unprecedented ferocity” gathering over rule of law in Hong Kong. Seven years on, the storm clouds have intensified. The Progressive Lawyers Group formed in 2015, in the wake of the Umbrella Movement, now includes more than 100 solicitors, barristers, law practitioners, law students and scholars as members. Two weeks ago, the group published its first “Hong Kong Rule of Law Report”. The 322-page bilingual report covers judicial issues, law enforcement, anti-graft initiatives, business, media, academia, individual rights, and events in other key areas last year. It also makes 60 recommendations for improving Hong Kong’s legal environment. With me is former convenos of the group, Craig Choy.

    Welcome back. Rather predictably the nominally independent watchdogs, the Equal Opportunities Commission or EOC, and the Ombudsman’s office have faced considerable controversy arising from the way they handle human rights issues and how they interact with Hong Kong’s administration. This month both bodies acquired new leaders coming from disciplined service backgrounds. Human rights concern groups and lawmakers are worried about the suitability of these appointments.

    On Wednesday, the District Court sentenced eight leaders of the Occupy Movement. The three co-founders of Occupy Central, Benny Tai, Chan Kin-man and Reverend Chu Yiu-ming received 16 month jail terms. Chu’s sentence was suspended for two years due to health issues. Legislator Shiu Ka-chun and the League of Social Democrat’s Raphael Wong were jailed for eight months. Democratic Party member, Lee Wing-tat and activist Eason Chung received suspended eight-month sentences, while Tommy Cheung was ordered to do 200 hours of community service. Legislator Tanya Chan’s sentencing has been adjourned until June as she needs surgery for a massive brain tumour. We’ll leave you with images of the scene outside the court on the day the sentences were handed down.

    联络: wanyt@rthk.hk


    • Policy Address, interview with Lam Pun-lee & the economy after months of protests

      Policy Address, interview with Lam Pun-lee & the economy after months of protests

      On Wednesday, after disruption in the Legislative Council chamber, Chief Executive Carrie Lam, in an unprecedented move delivered her Policy Address via a pre-recorded video. She warned that Hong Kong¡¦s political turmoil, had brought the SAR to the brink, and that a "technical recession¨ in the third quarter was now underway. The government will hand out HK$19.1 billion in sweeteners and is focusing on housing and land supply. Mrs Lam says housing is the "toughest¨ livelihood issue and "a source of public grievances". But when it came to offering solutions to the current political crisis, she had nothing to say. We talked to economist Lam Pun-lee about the Address.

      In September, Fitch, one of the world¡¦s leading credit rating firms, downgraded Hong Kong¡¦s rating for the first time since 1995. The sovereign debt rating has been marked down from AA+ to AA and the outlook has changed from stable to negative. Fitch says persistent conflict is testing the "One Country, Two Systems" framework and has created "long-lasting damage to international perceptions of Hong Kong's governance system and rule of law."

    • MTR crisis, discussion with Michael Tien & First aiders in protest sites

      MTR crisis, discussion with Michael Tien & First aiders in protest sites

      The government’s decision announced last Friday, to use the colonial Emergency Regulations Ordinance to implement an anti-mask law, triggered an immediate response with protests escalating over the long holiday weekend, occasionally bringing Hong Kong to a standstill. The MTR, which says it has an average weekday patronage of around 5.9 million passengers, was shut down entirely last Saturday for the first time in its 40-year history. Following that many stations were closed and all train services were suspended at various hours of the night. That’s led to shops, malls and businesses also having to close early. On Thursday, we spoke to Michael Tien, founder of Roundtable and former chairman of the Kowloon Railway Corporation, who’s running in the upcoming District Council elections in Tsuen Wan. As of Thursday, also running in the constituency is Deliberation TW’s Lau Cheuk-yu.

      Humanitarian and medical aid have become increasingly important in Hong Kong over the past four months of protests that have seen tear gas, live rounds, and supposedly non-fatal rounds fired by the police while demonstrators have responded with fire bombs, hurling projectiles and the like. Hundreds of people have been injured. Many do not seek treatment at public hospitals for fear of arrest. Volunteer first aiders on the ground are the first responders for the injured at protest sites.

    • Discussion with Dennis Kwok & Law Yuk-kai on emergency and anti-mask law, and silver-hair in extradition bill protests

      Discussion with Dennis Kwok & Law Yuk-kai on emergency and anti-mask law, and silver-hair in extradition bill protests

      The 70th anniversary of the People’s Republic of China was designated by the government in Beijing as a major day of celebration but in Hong Kong it was a day of turmoil.
      Dire police warnings of terrorist actions kept many off the streets nevertheless a peaceful, although not authorised, protest went ahead but what followed was far from peaceful. Large shopping malls and more than half of Hong Kong’s MTR stations were closed. Protesters took to the streets in many districts, some setting fires and committing acts of vandalism. On October first, the police fired a record 1,400 tear gas canisters, more than 1,300 projectiles and six live rounds. They arrested around 270 individuals and made international headlines when an officer shot a 18-year old student in the chest at point-blank range. Given the amount of tear gas and pepper spray used, masks have been a highly visible element in the protests worn by police, pro-Beijing groups and protesters. Pro-Beijing politicians have long campaigned for an anti-mask law to deter protestors and facilitate law enforcement. With me in the studio is Dennis Kwok, the legal sector representative in the Legislative Councillor and Director of Human Rights Monitor, Law Yuk-kai. I should stress that we also invited several pro-Beijing figures and members of the group advocating a mask law to take part in this discussion, but they declined to be here.

      It’s almost four months since the protests against the Extradition Law began. Apart from the headline-grabbing violence, millions of people from all walks of life have taken to the street in peaceful protests. But many of these protests have turned violent with young people most prominent on the frontlines.
      Sometimes though, groups of elderly people are standing with them.

    • Freedom from Fear & ethnic minorities taking part in the extradition bill protests

      Freedom from Fear & ethnic minorities taking part in the extradition bill protests

      The United Nations’ Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that everyone is entitled to four freedoms. One is freedom from fear: nobody should be in fear of their government, its armed forces, the police, their neighbours, or even political victimisation from employers. And yet many in Hong Kong say they feel immense pressure not to support the protests. And it was topic that figured high on the agenda on Thursday night when Chief Executive Carrie Lam held her first “community dialogue” in Queen Elizabeth Stadium. Security was tight. Police said they had deployed 3,000 officers. One hundred of whom were in full riot gear inside the venue. The stadium seats around 3,500, but only 130 randomly selected members of the public were allowed in, and just 30 got to speak.

      Many of the anti-extradition bill protests have been characterised by their lack of identifiable leadership and their fluid nature. Operating under the advice to “Be Water”, protesters have organised actions communally through messaging apps and online fora. Of course, the most active of the demonstrators are Hong Kong Chinese, but some members of Hong Kong’s ethnic minority groups have also been following or reporting on the movement, which, as Hongkongers, also affects them.

    • How fake news have impacted the extradition bill protests & discussion with AFP Rachel Blundy & HKJA Chris Yeung

      How fake news have impacted the extradition bill protests & discussion with AFP Rachel Blundy & HKJA Chris Yeung

      Hello and welcome to a new series of The Pulse. The latest Amnesty International report on Hong Kong’s protests, that have been going on for more than a hundred days, lays out a disturbing catalogue of arbitrary arrests, brutal beatings and torture in police detention. Although the protests have been underway for more than three months the Chief Executive Carrie Lam and her administration appear to be reluctant to address the issues that have caused the turmoil or to resolve the dangerous chasm that has emerged concerning the way the police have handled the protests. There has been escalating violence from both sides, with live coverage on television and social media. And as the protests have intensified, so has the online propaganda mill. Rumour, disinformation, and questionable news have spread like wildfire on social media platforms, further polarising opinion. With us to talk more about the issue is Rachel Blundy, Fact-check editor of Agence France-Presse and Chris Yeung, Chairperson of the Hong Kong Journalists Association.

    • Be Water Movement; HKUPOP & PORI polls: discussion with Robert Chung

      Be Water Movement; HKUPOP & PORI polls: discussion with Robert Chung

      Monday was the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region’s 22nd anniversary, but it wasn’t exactly a day of full-throated celebration. Facing guerrilla-style protests against the extradition bill this year’s ceremony was moved indoors on the pretext of possible bad weather. Chief Executive Carrie Lam made her first appearance in two weeks since apologising for the way the bill was handled. She said she had learned a lesson and would reform her style of governance. Her words didn’t resonate with the half a million protesters who took to the streets later in the day arguably even less so with a harder core of younger protestors who gathered around the legislature.

      The leading pollster Robert Chung set up a new institute on July 1st, the Hong Kong Public Opinion Research Institute following his departure from the University of Hong Kong. We’ll be talking to him and about his new venture and how for the past 28 years his work has been the bane of those who would rather tell us what the public thinks than listen to it.

      That’s it for this week and in fact for this season. The Pulse will take a summer break, but we’ll be back at the end of September. Goodbye.

    • Police use of force: discussion with Amnesty Int'l Roseann Rife & Kenneth Leung; HK teachers teaching in China

      Police use of force: discussion with Amnesty Int'l Roseann Rife & Kenneth Leung; HK teachers teaching in China

      This week, as world leaders assemble in Osaka for the G20 Summit, Hong Kong protesters are taking the opportunity to alert the world to what’s happening here. On Wednesday protestors went to petition some consulates from G20 nations. Also this week, a crowd-funded campaign raised more than HK$6 million in less than 12 hours to advertise in international newspapers in Europe, Asia, Australia and North America. Beijing however insists that it “will not allow” the G20 to discuss the Hong Kong issue. Meanwhile in Hong Kong itself, questions over the policing of protests remain high on the agenda. With us in the studio are Roseann Rife, East Asia Research Director of Amnesty International and Kenneth Leung, legislator and former member of the Independent Police Complaints Council.

      The Outline Development Plan for the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area was released in February. One of its proposals is to develop the area as an education and talent hub, including allowing teachers from Hong Kong and Macao to teach in Guangdong. A month earlier, China’s Ministry of Education stated that residents of Hong Kong can apply to take the primary and secondary school teacher certification exams previously meant only for mainland Chinese. However, differences between educational models and pay in the two places are significant.

    • Extradition bill protests: allegations of HA leaking patients' information to the police & discussion with Willy Lam

      Extradition bill protests: allegations of HA leaking patients' information to the police & discussion with Willy Lam

      As a former British prime minister Harold Wilson famously said - a week in politics is a long time, well, the past week in Hong Kong demonstrates how true that is. Few people believed that it would be possible to exceed the size of a one million strong demonstration, but last Sunday an estimated two million people took to the streets to protest against the government’s extradition legislation. There may be some dispute over the numbers but no one seriously doubts that this was Hong Kong’s largest ever protest. Carrie Lam, her administration, and the police emerged as being the focus for anger over the way this crisis has been handled. Mrs Lam’s attempts at apology have done very little to dampen the fires of criticism either from protesters or indeed from pro-government lawmakers who previously defended the legislation.

      Earlier this week, legislator Pierre Chan revealed that the police can access the Hospital Authority’s system to check details of injured protesters who were admitted into the public hospital system, without using any special logins. Also with us in the studio is Willy Lam, Adjunct Professor of the Centre for China Studies at the Chinese University of Hong Kong to talk about the China factor in the extradition bill controversy.

      That’s it for this week. We’ll end with a look at last Sunday’s historic march: where as many as one in four of the population were out on the streets, walking, chanting and even singing hymns in ways that only happen in Hong Kong.

    • Extradition massive protests & discussion with Margaret Ng

      Extradition massive protests & discussion with Margaret Ng

      There has been, as everyone must now know, an unprecedented level of criticism aimed at the government’s proposed extradition law amendments. Most unusually it is coming from local and international business organisations, foreign governments, plus legal experts, human rights organisations and people from all walks of life.
      Last Sunday, Hong Kong witnessed its biggest ever street protest. And it’s not just Hong Kong that’s wary of the mainland’s judicial system. On Tuesday, a New Zealand court blocked a Korean-born murder suspect’s extradition to China, saying that his human rights could not be guaranteed in the Chinese legal system. China’s foreign ministry has been busy denouncing foreign interference in Hong Kong affairs. State newspapers blame external forces for stoking the fires of opposition. Commenting on the protests on Wednesday, Chief Executive Carrie Lam characterised protestors as unruly children who should not be allowed to have their way.

      With us to talk about the issue is barrister and former legislator Margaret Ng.

    • Extradition bill: discussion with Law Society Mark Daly & 30th anniversary of June 4th

      Extradition bill: discussion with Law Society Mark Daly & 30th anniversary of June 4th

      Last Thursday, in the hope of reducing public opposition to its controversial extradition bill, the government announced three main changes. Two of them were in response to proposals from the business community and pro-Beijing lawmakers. Secretary for Security John Lee says these are the final concessions. The Chief Executive Carrie Lam insists that she won’t withdraw the bill because so much work has been done on it. Meanwhile, former governor Chris Patten said in a video statement that the government’s claim that the proposed bill plugged a “legal loophole” was “absolute nonsense”. He also said the changes will “strike a terrible blow against the rule of law”, against Hong Kong’s stability and security, and diminish its status as an international trading hub. With us to talk about the matter is Mark Daly, council member of The Law Society of Hong Kong and well known human rights lawyer.

      In the run-up to the 30th anniversary of the June 4th crackdown in 1989, mainland activists, and the Tiananmen Mothers, were forced to take vacations and put under heavy surveillance, and the internet was even more severely censored. The current official line is that the crackdown was a “correct policy” to end “political turbulence”. The Global Times described it as a “vaccination” for Chinese society, an “immunity against any major political turmoil in the future”. In Hong Kong, former Tiananmen Square protest leader Feng Congde was barred from entering the SAR thus preventing him from attending the candlelight vigil. Beijing wants the world to forget; Hongkongers want the world to remember. Organisers say there was a massive turnout of 180,000 people for the candlelight vigil in Victoria Park this year.