监制:Diana Wan


    Monday was the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region’s 22nd anniversary, but it wasn’t exactly a day of full-throated celebration. Facing guerrilla-style protests against the extradition bill this year’s ceremony was moved indoors on the pretext of possible bad weather. Chief Executive Carrie Lam made her first appearance in two weeks since apologising for the way the bill was handled. She said she had learned a lesson and would reform her style of governance. Her words didn’t resonate with the half a million protesters who took to the streets later in the day arguably even less so with a harder core of younger protestors who gathered around the legislature.

    The leading pollster Robert Chung set up a new institute on July 1st, the Hong Kong Public Opinion Research Institute following his departure from the University of Hong Kong. We’ll be talking to him and about his new venture and how for the past 28 years his work has been the bane of those who would rather tell us what the public thinks than listen to it.

    That’s it for this week and in fact for this season. The Pulse will take a summer break, but we’ll be back at the end of September. Goodbye.

    联络: wanyt@rthk.hk


    • United Kingdom General Election 2019: discussion with Kenneth Chan & the expulsion of Indonesian domestic help, Yuli Riswati

      United Kingdom General Election 2019: discussion with Kenneth Chan & the expulsion of Indonesian domestic help, Yuli Riswati

      On Thursday the United Kingdom went to the polls for the third time in five years. Former Prime Minister Theresa May and current PM Boris Johnson both tried to get different versions of a Brexit deal approved in Parliament and failed. Both called snap elections in the hope of getting their version of Brexit through. Unlike May, Johnson looks set to get his way. It was perhaps one of the most crucial elections in recent decades, one that could change the whole direction and indeed composition of the United Kingdom – not for five years, but for generations. With me is Kenneth Chan, President of the Hong Kong Association for European Studies.

      According to official figures there are more than 390,000 domestic helpers in Hong Kong. The majority are from the Philippines and Indonesia. These migrant workers provide an important support system for many working families in Hong Kong. Although they are employed as domestic helpers, many are also tasked with childcare, tutoring and elderly care. Recently The Pulse reported on one domestic helper, Yuli Riswati, who took up the role of unpaid citizen journalist to keep her fellow Indonesian domestic helpers understand more about the city in which they live. Not long afterwards Yuli was detained by the Immigration Department and then expelled from Hong Kong.

    • Michael Davis & Tom Kellog on human rights and rule of law in HK & Stampede in Yau Ma Tei on 18th Nov

      Michael Davis & Tom Kellog on human rights and rule of law in HK & Stampede in Yau Ma Tei on 18th Nov

      "Freedom of speech, of the press, of assembly, of association, of procession and of demonstration” are guaranteed in Article 35 of the People’s Republic of China’s constitution. But ironically, on Wednesday, two Hong Kong media organisations, Apple Daily and Stand News, were barred from participating in a celebration of the 37th anniversary of the 1982 Chinese constitution which was attended by about 700 people including members of the press. Just a day before, Chief Executive Carrie Lam strongly criticised the United States’ new Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act, calling it unnecessary and unreasonable. Hong Kong, she said, has press freedom and a high degree of other freedoms. With me to talk about rule of law and human rights in Hong Kong are Tom Kellogg, Director of the Georgetown Centre for Asian Law and Michael Davis, Global Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Centre and previously, professor in the Law Faculty at Hong Kong University.

      Last Friday, the police finally returned control of the Polytechnic University campus to the institution’s management. The siege of the university campus lasted 12 days.
      On the evening of 18th November, thousands of people gathered in areas near the PolyU campus in the hope of somehow diverting police attention from those holed up inside. Late that night, as police and protesters clashed in Yau Ma Tei, more than 213 people were arrested, and over 30 were injured and taken to hospital. Eyewitnesses, including firefighters, say at least one human stampede took place. Police say they saw nothing.

    • District Council Election 2019 & discussion with Jean-Pierre Cabestan

      District Council Election 2019 & discussion with Jean-Pierre Cabestan

      There really is only one way of describing what happened in the early hours of Monday as ballot counting in the previous day’s district council elections revealed that an electoral tsunami had occurred resulting in a landslide win for pro-democracy candidates. Never before had so many people voted as over 71 per cent of the electorate, that’s 2.94 million people, turned out for the poll. Pro-democracy candidates took control of 17 out of 18 districts, with close to 400 out of the 452 seats. This left the pro-Beijing camp, which had previously controlled every single district council, with just seats 58 seats.

      And then, on Wednesday, against the backdrop of the trade war between China and the United States, civil unrest in Hong Kong and those election results, United States’ president Donald Trump signed the Hong Kong Rights and Democracy Act and another law banning the sale of weaponry to Hong Kong. With me to talk about what that might mean, and the changing political landscape, is Jean-Pierre Cabestan, Professor of the Department of Government and International Studies at Hong Kong Baptist University.

      Chief Executive Carrie Lam’s initial public response to the election results on Tuesday was that she would seriously reflect on the views expressed and improve the administration’s governance. Later though, when asked whether her policies were a reason for the losses of the pro-Beijing camp, she said it wasn’t up to the government to interpret the results. Despite overwhelming demands, both locally and internationally, to set up an independent enquiry commission to look at the causes of civil unrest and police responses, Lam said she will instead set up an independent review committee. However, so far, no details are forthcoming.

    • High court ruling on anti-mask law & US congress passed HK rights bill, discussion with Martin Lee & Siege of PolyU

      High court ruling on anti-mask law & US congress passed HK rights bill, discussion with Martin Lee & Siege of PolyU

      On Monday, the High Court ruled that the anti-mask law introduced under emergency regulations in October is invalid and unconstitutional. It says it contravenes the Basic Law and restricts fundamental rights and freedoms. In response, the National People’s Congress Standing Committee’s Legislative Affairs Commission slammed the court’s ruling. It said only they could decide which laws comply with the Basic Law. The following day the government said it would ask the court to suspend implementation of its ruling pending appeal. And to add another layer to the current political crisis, on Wednesday, the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act passed the United States’ House of Representatives, much to the anger of the Chinese Communist Party. On Friday, in response to the government's appeal against its earlier judgement, the High Court allowed the mask ban to remain in effect for seven more days. With me to talk about these issues is Martin Lee, barrister, politician and former member of the Hong Kong Basic Law Drafting Committee. I must add that we invited several pro-Beijing figures to join us. They all declined.

      Last Saturday, about 50 PLA soldiers marched out from their barracks in Kowloon Tong and started clearing debris in the nearby streets, close to the Baptist University. The army said the soldiers had volunteered for the clean-up. Over the past two weeks, protesters have occupied and blocked roads and tunnels close to several university campuses. That’s led to intense clashes with the police. Last Sunday, violence escalated between protesters and the police at the Polytechnic University, culminating in a siege and lockdown by police that left many people trapped on the campus. By Tuesday evening, thousands of demonstrators tried to save the protesters by staging other forms of protest in nearby streets. In response, police used a flash grenade against protesters in Yau Ma Tei. And two police vehicles were filmed apparently driving at speed into the crowd. It was reported that a stampede took place, leaving many injured.

    • Battleground expanded from the street to university campuses & discussion with Margaret Ng & James Tien

      Battleground expanded from the street to university campuses & discussion with Margaret Ng & James Tien

      Last year, the Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack issued a report on attacks on education by armed forces and armed groups. The report stated that in the previous five years there had been a dramatic increase in violent attacks on education, particularly on higher education facilities and their staff. It identified more than 12,700 incidents, involving harm to more than 21,000 students in 28 countries. The places affected were mostly known for their instability: Congo, Israel/Palestine, Iraq, Nigeria, Libya, South Sudan, Syria, Yemen, Venezuela and so on. Almost half of those attacks were associated with Islamic State. The coalition said the aim of these attacks was to suppress the voices of students and staff. Well, this week Hong Kong may have joined that list, despite its reputation as one of the world’s safest cities. Young people and students have been the driving force behind the current protests. Six months into the civil unrest, the battleground has expanded from the streets into university campuses.

      With us to discuss the current crisis are barrister Margaret Ng and Honorary Chair of the Liberal Party James Tien.

    • CPC's fourth plenary session, Xi Jinping met Carrie Lam: discussion with Willy Lam & effects of chemical weapons have on public health

      CPC's fourth plenary session, Xi Jinping met Carrie Lam: discussion with Willy Lam & effects of chemical weapons have on public health

      On October 28th, more than 300 members of China’s Central Committee gathered for a keynote meeting. The aim was to devise policy both in the short and longer terms. Unsurprisingly civil unrest in Hong Kong was high on the agenda. With me to talk about the meeting's implications on Hong Kong is Willy Lam, Adjunct Professor of the Centre for China Studies at the Chinese University of Hong Kong.

      Since the start of the protests in June, the police have fired around 6,000 tear gas canisters, often in tightly packed residential neighbourhoods. But this is a not highly target method of crowd control and tear gas can have long term effects on children and other vulnerable individuals. Last month, a group of Chinese University scholars posted a letter in the medical journal The Lancet. They questioned the widespread use of tear gas in densely populated areas and urged the government to provide guidelines for health protection and cleaning. The government wasn’t inclined to listen. Secretary for Health Sophie Chan dismissed the letter and has so far provided no advice to the general public. And tear gas is not the only chemical weapon the police have been using.

    • Interview with  lawyer & human rights advocate Sharon Hom & Doxxing

      Interview with lawyer & human rights advocate Sharon Hom & Doxxing

      The almost five months of protests have deepened the political divide across Hong Kong. One solution the government seems to think will solve the current crisis is applying for interim court injunctions. Last Friday, the government filed one to stop people from doxxing police officers and their families. And on Thursday night, the court held an urgent meeting when the government filed another to stop people willfully publishing online or via messaging apps any material that promotes, encourages or incites the threat of violence. The government specifically named two popular platforms: LIHKG and Telegram. Joining me now to talk about these issues is Sharon Hom, Executive Director of Human Rights in China and Professor of Law Emerita of the City University of New York. She testified as a witness on 17th September at the Congressional-Executive Commission on China in Washington DC, where a hearing was held to examine the impact of the ongoing protests on Hong Kong and the future of U.S.-Hong Kong relations.

      The current anti-mask law does not apply to police officers. In the ongoing protests, officers not only wear full protective gear, many mask their faces and don’t display numbers or warrant cards that would identify who they are. The force acknowledges that the rift between the police and many members of the public is worsening, with officers and their family members having their personal details exposed by doxxing and being subjected to malicious attacks on the internet.
      They say they want more protection. But journalists and protesters are facing identical online threats.

    • Chan Tong-kai case, discussion with Joseph Cheng & volunteer lawyers

      Chan Tong-kai case, discussion with Joseph Cheng & volunteer lawyers

      According to Chief Executive Carrie Lam it was a murder case in Taiwan involving Hongkonger Chan Tong-kai that led her to push the extradition bill. Chan was released on Wednesday after serving 19 months for money-laundering. He now says he wants to surrender to Taiwan authorities, but even that is causing another political storm. With me in the studio is political scientist Joseph Cheng.

      Close to 2,400 people have been arrested since the protests started in June. Nearly a third of those arrested were under 18 years old. For any of us, let alone young people, navigating the legal terrain in these situations can be very challenging. A group of about 200 lawyers is providing pro bono legal assistance for protesters.

    • Policy Address, interview with Lam Pun-lee & the economy after months of protests

      Policy Address, interview with Lam Pun-lee & the economy after months of protests

      On Wednesday, after disruption in the Legislative Council chamber, Chief Executive Carrie Lam, in an unprecedented move delivered her Policy Address via a pre-recorded video. She warned that Hong Kong¡¦s political turmoil, had brought the SAR to the brink, and that a "technical recession¨ in the third quarter was now underway. The government will hand out HK$19.1 billion in sweeteners and is focusing on housing and land supply. Mrs Lam says housing is the "toughest¨ livelihood issue and "a source of public grievances". But when it came to offering solutions to the current political crisis, she had nothing to say. We talked to economist Lam Pun-lee about the Address.

      In September, Fitch, one of the world¡¦s leading credit rating firms, downgraded Hong Kong¡¦s rating for the first time since 1995. The sovereign debt rating has been marked down from AA+ to AA and the outlook has changed from stable to negative. Fitch says persistent conflict is testing the "One Country, Two Systems" framework and has created "long-lasting damage to international perceptions of Hong Kong's governance system and rule of law."

    • MTR crisis, discussion with Michael Tien & First aiders in protest sites

      MTR crisis, discussion with Michael Tien & First aiders in protest sites

      The government’s decision announced last Friday, to use the colonial Emergency Regulations Ordinance to implement an anti-mask law, triggered an immediate response with protests escalating over the long holiday weekend, occasionally bringing Hong Kong to a standstill. The MTR, which says it has an average weekday patronage of around 5.9 million passengers, was shut down entirely last Saturday for the first time in its 40-year history. Following that many stations were closed and all train services were suspended at various hours of the night. That’s led to shops, malls and businesses also having to close early. On Thursday, we spoke to Michael Tien, founder of Roundtable and former chairman of the Kowloon Railway Corporation, who’s running in the upcoming District Council elections in Tsuen Wan. As of Thursday, also running in the constituency is Deliberation TW’s Lau Cheuk-yu.

      Humanitarian and medical aid have become increasingly important in Hong Kong over the past four months of protests that have seen tear gas, live rounds, and supposedly non-fatal rounds fired by the police while demonstrators have responded with fire bombs, hurling projectiles and the like. Hundreds of people have been injured. Many do not seek treatment at public hospitals for fear of arrest. Volunteer first aiders on the ground are the first responders for the injured at protest sites.