监制:Diana Wan


    There’s been a flurry of activity between the European Union and China recently with a major summit seeking to reset relations and some marked divisions emerging in Europe as to how China’s emerging strength should be addressed. Meanwhile the EU has also been looking at events in Hong Kong and expressing misgivings over a direction of travel which includes the introduction of an extradition law that potentially threatens the security of overseas companies and their personnel doing business in the HKSAR. And then there’s the elephant in the room - Brexit casting its ever confusing shadow over the future of the EU. With us in the studio is the Head of the European Union Office to Hong Kong and Macau, Carmen Cano.

    At 1.45 am on the 27th of September 2014, Benny Tai announced that Occupy Central had begun, building on a two-day protest during which students had occupied the streets outside the government headquarters in Tamar. The sit-in ended up lasting 79 days and spread to other areas. It was an act of civil disobedience, involving hundreds of thousands of people demanding political reforms and the universal suffrage Hong Kong had been promised in the Joint Declaration and the Basic Law. Scholars, students, legislators and other members of the public have since been arrested and prosecuted for their involvement in the movement. Nearly five years later, on Tuesday this week, nine leaders of the movement were found guilty of a number of public nuisance charges. Hong Kong’s last governor Chris Patten says he found it “appallingly divisive to use anachronistic common law charges in a vengeful pursuit of political events”. The central government has supported the court’s ruling and the move “to punish, according to law, the main plotters of the illegal Occupy”.

    联络: wanyt@rthk.hk


    • MTR crisis, discussion with Michael Tien & First aiders in protest sites

      MTR crisis, discussion with Michael Tien & First aiders in protest sites

      The government’s decision announced last Friday, to use the colonial Emergency Regulations Ordinance to implement an anti-mask law, triggered an immediate response with protests escalating over the long holiday weekend, occasionally bringing Hong Kong to a standstill. The MTR, which says it has an average weekday patronage of around 5.9 million passengers, was shut down entirely last Saturday for the first time in its 40-year history. Following that many stations were closed and all train services were suspended at various hours of the night. That’s led to shops, malls and businesses also having to close early. On Thursday, we spoke to Michael Tien, founder of Roundtable and former chairman of the Kowloon Railway Corporation, who’s running in the upcoming District Council elections in Tsuen Wan. As of Thursday, also running in the constituency is Deliberation TW’s Lau Cheuk-yu.

      Humanitarian and medical aid have become increasingly important in Hong Kong over the past four months of protests that have seen tear gas, live rounds, and supposedly non-fatal rounds fired by the police while demonstrators have responded with fire bombs, hurling projectiles and the like. Hundreds of people have been injured. Many do not seek treatment at public hospitals for fear of arrest. Volunteer first aiders on the ground are the first responders for the injured at protest sites.

    • Discussion with Dennis Kwok & Law Yuk-kai on emergency and anti-mask law, and silver-hair in extradition bill protests

      Discussion with Dennis Kwok & Law Yuk-kai on emergency and anti-mask law, and silver-hair in extradition bill protests

      The 70th anniversary of the People’s Republic of China was designated by the government in Beijing as a major day of celebration but in Hong Kong it was a day of turmoil.
      Dire police warnings of terrorist actions kept many off the streets nevertheless a peaceful, although not authorised, protest went ahead but what followed was far from peaceful. Large shopping malls and more than half of Hong Kong’s MTR stations were closed. Protesters took to the streets in many districts, some setting fires and committing acts of vandalism. On October first, the police fired a record 1,400 tear gas canisters, more than 1,300 projectiles and six live rounds. They arrested around 270 individuals and made international headlines when an officer shot a 18-year old student in the chest at point-blank range. Given the amount of tear gas and pepper spray used, masks have been a highly visible element in the protests worn by police, pro-Beijing groups and protesters. Pro-Beijing politicians have long campaigned for an anti-mask law to deter protestors and facilitate law enforcement. With me in the studio is Dennis Kwok, the legal sector representative in the Legislative Councillor and Director of Human Rights Monitor, Law Yuk-kai. I should stress that we also invited several pro-Beijing figures and members of the group advocating a mask law to take part in this discussion, but they declined to be here.

      It’s almost four months since the protests against the Extradition Law began. Apart from the headline-grabbing violence, millions of people from all walks of life have taken to the street in peaceful protests. But many of these protests have turned violent with young people most prominent on the frontlines.
      Sometimes though, groups of elderly people are standing with them.

    • Freedom from Fear & ethnic minorities taking part in the extradition bill protests

      Freedom from Fear & ethnic minorities taking part in the extradition bill protests

      The United Nations’ Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that everyone is entitled to four freedoms. One is freedom from fear: nobody should be in fear of their government, its armed forces, the police, their neighbours, or even political victimisation from employers. And yet many in Hong Kong say they feel immense pressure not to support the protests. And it was topic that figured high on the agenda on Thursday night when Chief Executive Carrie Lam held her first “community dialogue” in Queen Elizabeth Stadium. Security was tight. Police said they had deployed 3,000 officers. One hundred of whom were in full riot gear inside the venue. The stadium seats around 3,500, but only 130 randomly selected members of the public were allowed in, and just 30 got to speak.

      Many of the anti-extradition bill protests have been characterised by their lack of identifiable leadership and their fluid nature. Operating under the advice to “Be Water”, protesters have organised actions communally through messaging apps and online fora. Of course, the most active of the demonstrators are Hong Kong Chinese, but some members of Hong Kong’s ethnic minority groups have also been following or reporting on the movement, which, as Hongkongers, also affects them.

    • How fake news have impacted the extradition bill protests & discussion with AFP Rachel Blundy & HKJA Chris Yeung

      How fake news have impacted the extradition bill protests & discussion with AFP Rachel Blundy & HKJA Chris Yeung

      Hello and welcome to a new series of The Pulse. The latest Amnesty International report on Hong Kong’s protests, that have been going on for more than a hundred days, lays out a disturbing catalogue of arbitrary arrests, brutal beatings and torture in police detention. Although the protests have been underway for more than three months the Chief Executive Carrie Lam and her administration appear to be reluctant to address the issues that have caused the turmoil or to resolve the dangerous chasm that has emerged concerning the way the police have handled the protests. There has been escalating violence from both sides, with live coverage on television and social media. And as the protests have intensified, so has the online propaganda mill. Rumour, disinformation, and questionable news have spread like wildfire on social media platforms, further polarising opinion. With us to talk more about the issue is Rachel Blundy, Fact-check editor of Agence France-Presse and Chris Yeung, Chairperson of the Hong Kong Journalists Association.

    • Be Water Movement; HKUPOP & PORI polls: discussion with Robert Chung

      Be Water Movement; HKUPOP & PORI polls: discussion with Robert Chung

      Monday was the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region’s 22nd anniversary, but it wasn’t exactly a day of full-throated celebration. Facing guerrilla-style protests against the extradition bill this year’s ceremony was moved indoors on the pretext of possible bad weather. Chief Executive Carrie Lam made her first appearance in two weeks since apologising for the way the bill was handled. She said she had learned a lesson and would reform her style of governance. Her words didn’t resonate with the half a million protesters who took to the streets later in the day arguably even less so with a harder core of younger protestors who gathered around the legislature.

      The leading pollster Robert Chung set up a new institute on July 1st, the Hong Kong Public Opinion Research Institute following his departure from the University of Hong Kong. We’ll be talking to him and about his new venture and how for the past 28 years his work has been the bane of those who would rather tell us what the public thinks than listen to it.

      That’s it for this week and in fact for this season. The Pulse will take a summer break, but we’ll be back at the end of September. Goodbye.

    • Police use of force: discussion with Amnesty Int'l Roseann Rife & Kenneth Leung; HK teachers teaching in China

      Police use of force: discussion with Amnesty Int'l Roseann Rife & Kenneth Leung; HK teachers teaching in China

      This week, as world leaders assemble in Osaka for the G20 Summit, Hong Kong protesters are taking the opportunity to alert the world to what’s happening here. On Wednesday protestors went to petition some consulates from G20 nations. Also this week, a crowd-funded campaign raised more than HK$6 million in less than 12 hours to advertise in international newspapers in Europe, Asia, Australia and North America. Beijing however insists that it “will not allow” the G20 to discuss the Hong Kong issue. Meanwhile in Hong Kong itself, questions over the policing of protests remain high on the agenda. With us in the studio are Roseann Rife, East Asia Research Director of Amnesty International and Kenneth Leung, legislator and former member of the Independent Police Complaints Council.

      The Outline Development Plan for the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area was released in February. One of its proposals is to develop the area as an education and talent hub, including allowing teachers from Hong Kong and Macao to teach in Guangdong. A month earlier, China’s Ministry of Education stated that residents of Hong Kong can apply to take the primary and secondary school teacher certification exams previously meant only for mainland Chinese. However, differences between educational models and pay in the two places are significant.

    • Extradition bill protests: allegations of HA leaking patients' information to the police & discussion with Willy Lam

      Extradition bill protests: allegations of HA leaking patients' information to the police & discussion with Willy Lam

      As a former British prime minister Harold Wilson famously said - a week in politics is a long time, well, the past week in Hong Kong demonstrates how true that is. Few people believed that it would be possible to exceed the size of a one million strong demonstration, but last Sunday an estimated two million people took to the streets to protest against the government’s extradition legislation. There may be some dispute over the numbers but no one seriously doubts that this was Hong Kong’s largest ever protest. Carrie Lam, her administration, and the police emerged as being the focus for anger over the way this crisis has been handled. Mrs Lam’s attempts at apology have done very little to dampen the fires of criticism either from protesters or indeed from pro-government lawmakers who previously defended the legislation.

      Earlier this week, legislator Pierre Chan revealed that the police can access the Hospital Authority’s system to check details of injured protesters who were admitted into the public hospital system, without using any special logins. Also with us in the studio is Willy Lam, Adjunct Professor of the Centre for China Studies at the Chinese University of Hong Kong to talk about the China factor in the extradition bill controversy.

      That’s it for this week. We’ll end with a look at last Sunday’s historic march: where as many as one in four of the population were out on the streets, walking, chanting and even singing hymns in ways that only happen in Hong Kong.

    • Extradition massive protests & discussion with Margaret Ng

      Extradition massive protests & discussion with Margaret Ng

      There has been, as everyone must now know, an unprecedented level of criticism aimed at the government’s proposed extradition law amendments. Most unusually it is coming from local and international business organisations, foreign governments, plus legal experts, human rights organisations and people from all walks of life.
      Last Sunday, Hong Kong witnessed its biggest ever street protest. And it’s not just Hong Kong that’s wary of the mainland’s judicial system. On Tuesday, a New Zealand court blocked a Korean-born murder suspect’s extradition to China, saying that his human rights could not be guaranteed in the Chinese legal system. China’s foreign ministry has been busy denouncing foreign interference in Hong Kong affairs. State newspapers blame external forces for stoking the fires of opposition. Commenting on the protests on Wednesday, Chief Executive Carrie Lam characterised protestors as unruly children who should not be allowed to have their way.

      With us to talk about the issue is barrister and former legislator Margaret Ng.

    • Extradition bill: discussion with Law Society Mark Daly & 30th anniversary of June 4th

      Extradition bill: discussion with Law Society Mark Daly & 30th anniversary of June 4th

      Last Thursday, in the hope of reducing public opposition to its controversial extradition bill, the government announced three main changes. Two of them were in response to proposals from the business community and pro-Beijing lawmakers. Secretary for Security John Lee says these are the final concessions. The Chief Executive Carrie Lam insists that she won’t withdraw the bill because so much work has been done on it. Meanwhile, former governor Chris Patten said in a video statement that the government’s claim that the proposed bill plugged a “legal loophole” was “absolute nonsense”. He also said the changes will “strike a terrible blow against the rule of law”, against Hong Kong’s stability and security, and diminish its status as an international trading hub. With us to talk about the matter is Mark Daly, council member of The Law Society of Hong Kong and well known human rights lawyer.

      In the run-up to the 30th anniversary of the June 4th crackdown in 1989, mainland activists, and the Tiananmen Mothers, were forced to take vacations and put under heavy surveillance, and the internet was even more severely censored. The current official line is that the crackdown was a “correct policy” to end “political turbulence”. The Global Times described it as a “vaccination” for Chinese society, an “immunity against any major political turmoil in the future”. In Hong Kong, former Tiananmen Square protest leader Feng Congde was barred from entering the SAR thus preventing him from attending the candlelight vigil. Beijing wants the world to forget; Hongkongers want the world to remember. Organisers say there was a massive turnout of 180,000 people for the candlelight vigil in Victoria Park this year.

    • EU UK elections: discussion with Philip Cowley & reporting in South East Asia

      EU UK elections: discussion with Philip Cowley & reporting in South East Asia

      Last week, around 51 million people across the European Union went to vote for their representatives in the European Parliament. The elections are held every five years, and across most of Europe the turnout was the highest in two decades, at more than 50%. The results are being seen as an indicator of whether the far-right populist surge has abated. And the conclusions are mixed depending which countries you look at. Overall though, the centre-right and centre-left have come under attack as the Greens and the far-right have gained significant ground. In the UK, which had a lower election turnout at just under 37%, the results provided a short sharp shock for both the Conservative and Labour parties. With us is Philip Cowley, Professor of Politics of Queen Mary University of London to talk about the election results.

      In Reporters Without Borders latest World Press Freedom Index, the Asia Pacific region is described as one of the world’s deadliest regions for journalists to work. It’s the region, says the report, with the biggest number of “Predators of Press Freedom”, as journalists try to work under some of the world’s worst dictatorships, authoritarian governments and military rulers. Conditions for journalists in the Philippines are acutely bad as a result increasing efforts by the government to control the media, using a compromised judiciary imposing which has shown itself willing to impose fines and prison sentences on journalists who do not toe the government line. The Philippines is also literally a life threating place for journalists. The situation in Malaysia is less acute but journalists are well aware of the knife edge on which they operate.