监制：Fong Hiu Shan
Located in the Caribbean Sea, Cuba was used to be the backyard of the US, however, right after the revolution overthrowing the governing sovereignty in 1959 and the establishment of a socialist republic, sanctions have been imposed on the country by the western world. From the 60s to early 90s, Cuba received tremendous subsidies from the USSR, for which Cuban people enjoyed decades of thriving. Unfortunately, the subsidies ceased to exist almost overnight with the dissolution of the Soviet Union, thus Cuban people fell victims to the verge of famine. Nevertheless, in 2006, barely fifteen years afterwards, Cuba had already got rid of hunger and transformed into the only country in the world to reach a sustainable development (WWF report). Cuba has maintained the status since then.
How did Cuba, an isolated Latin American country under an embargo, miraculously erase hunger from her continent? The story of a veteran, Rubber Man, is about recycling waste materials – abandoned tires to transform a barren slope into farmland. The story of a farmer, Miguel, is about fulfilling a humble wish of self-sufficiency, leading him to have created an agro-ecological farm, which attracts foreign scholars and agriculture researchers to visit and study. The story of Fernando, an educator and scholar educated in Holland, is about his commitment to the agriculture of his home country, by setting up a farm named after his mentor, who was his mother, to explore the conservation of traditional wisdom and the development of the rural area. The sustainability story of Cuba is a legend emerged from adversity.
Denmark, a small Nordic country, is consistently in the top ten happiest countries in the world, according to the World Happiness Report by the United Nations. In recent years, Danish people tackle the issue of food sustainability in their unique way. From 2010 to 2015, food waste greatly reduced 25%.
In the past, the Danish royals used to import exotic delicacies to signify their noble status. Nowadays, the Danish Princess is down-to-earth, promoting the idea of eating expired food. She attended the grand opening of a supermarket in Copenhagen, the first in the world to sell food surplus.
Likewise, Danish people are down-to-earth when food is concerned. Cultural sociologist, Søren Espersen forages in cities, forests and seashores for edible wild plants and fruits. He published a foraging guide book to educate treasure hunters. Nordic Food Lab at the University of Copenhagen is certainly an avant-garde food research institute. Roberto Flore explores experimental cooking with weird food like tree bark and a deer brain, intending to rediscover the recipes of the old days and search for new food resources.